Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with an increase in all-cause and CVD mortality. 1-4
More than twenty-five studies have explored the relationship between Vitamin D levels and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and most found that lower Vitamin D levels are associated with and increased risk of CVD. Additionally, studies have shown that low Vitamin D levels are associated with hypertension, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, left ventricular hypertrophy, and chronic vascular inflammation- all of which are factors for CVD.1-4
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Animi3 PI (630 downloads)
1Lee JH, O’Keefe JH, Bell D, Hensrud DD, Holick MF.
Vitamin D Deficiency: An Important, Common, and Easily Treatable Cardiovascular Risk Factor (655 downloads)
2Wang TJ, Pencina MJ, Booth SL, et al.
Vitamin D deficiency and risk of cardiovascular disease (647 downloads)
3Nomerovski CW, Dorsch MP, Simpson RU, Bone HG, Aaronson KD, Bleske BE.
Vitamin D and Cardiovascular Disease: A Second Look (824 downloads)
4Dobnig H, Pilz S, Scharnagl H, et al.
Independent Association of Low Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Levels With All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality (1445 downloads)